Kistler Force Plate Setup
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This page provides instructions on how to integrate a Kistler force plate system with an OptiTrack motion capture system.
When a motion capture system is used in conjunction with force plates, they work together as an efficient tool for various research applications including biomechanical analysis, clinical gait analysis, physiology research, sports performance research, and many more. An OptiTrack motion capture system can synchronize with force plates to obtain both kinematic and kinetic measurements. Note that force plate integration is supported only with a Prime camera system using the eSync synchronization hub. This page provides quick guidelines for setting up and configuring force plates — with digital outputs — along with the OptiTrack motion capture system.
For detailed information on specifications and configurations on the force plates, refer to the documentation provided by the force plate manufacturer.
- Kistler Data Acquisition System
- Kistler Force Plate
- Control I/O, Sync breakout box
- Prime series Ethernet camera system with the eSync synchronization hub.
- Motive 2.1 or above.
- 1 Hardware Setup
- 2 Software Setup
- 3 Synchronization Configuration
- 4 Device Settings Profile
- 5 Force Plate Data in Motive
- 6 Data Export
Component Wiring (Kistler)
Kistler Force Plate System Setup
- Connect each force plate to the Data Acquisition device, and connect the USB uplink cable from the acquisition device to the host PC. For detailed instructions on setting up the Force Plate system with a host PC, refer to the Kistler documentation.
Camera System Setup
- Setup the OptiTrack camera system and place the force plate(s) at the desired location(s); ideally, near the center of the volume. See Quick Start Guide or Hardware Setup page for details.
Wiring the eSync with the Data Acquisition device
- For accurate synchronizations, the eSync 2 synchronization hub must be used. The eSync 2 has signal output ports that are used to send out synchronization signals to slave devices. Connect the BNC output ports of the eSync to sync input ports (Genlock/Trigger Input) of force plate amplifiers.
- Kistler force plates have a sync I/O breakout (Control I/O) accessory that connects to the amplifier. The eSync will connect to one of the inputs of this sync I/O box. For triggered sync, connect the output port of the eSync to the Trigger Input. For external clock sync, connect the output to the Sync Input of the sync I/O box.
Hot plugging is not supported with the integration. When a new device is connected to the system, you must re-start Motive to instantiate it.
Kistler Software Setup
Before setting up the force plates in Motive, make sure all of the required software components are set up on the computer. First of all, Kistler's software must be installed and configured, and it should be able to detect and initialize the connected devices in order for the force plates to be used in Motive. This requires the Kistler BioWare software and the device driver (InstaCal) as well as other required software components to be installed.
Once they are all installed, launch the BioWare software and register each force plate. During this process, you will need to input the model and serial number as well as other specs of each platform to configure the device. For more information, please refer to manufacturer documentation.
Peripheral Device Module
In order to integrate force plate systems with Motive, you will need to setup the required drivers and plugins. Motive installer is packaged with the Peripheral Device module which can be added. During the Motive installation, a list of program features will be shown in the Custom Setup section. Here, change the setting for the Peripheral Device module, as shown in the below image, so that the module is installed along with Motive Files.
Note : Even if you are not using NI-DAQ, it is still necessary to install NI-DAQmx drivers that come up next in the installer.
For Kistler Customers
Kistler system also requires Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Redistributable - x64 to be installed on the computer. If it is not already on the computer, you will get prompted to set this up during Motive installation process. Please make sure to have this installed as well.
Kistler Configuration Profile
After registering the force plate in BioWare, next step is to export out the device configuration XML file. In BioWare, go to the Setup → Save DataServer Configuration File to export out the configuration XML file. To add the Kistler force plates in Motive, this XML file containing the force plate information must be added to the Motive directory. Copy-and-paste the Configuration.xml file into the
C:\ProgramData\OptiTrack\Motive\DeviceProfiles directory, and then rename the file to Kistler.xml. Once this is done, Motive should initialize the force plates that are detected by computer and that are registered within the XML file.
Force Plate Setup in Motive
1. Start Motive
If the hardware and software for the force plates are configured and successfully recognized, Motive will list out the detected force plates with number labels (1, 2, etc..). Motive will notify you of incorrect or nonexistent force plate calibration files. When the devices are properly instantiated in Motive, the following status messages will be shown under that Status Log.
2. Calibrate Cameras
Calibrate the capture volume as normal to get the orientation of the cameras (see the Quick Start Guide or Calibration page for more information). The position of the force plate is about the center of the volume, and when you recalibrate or reset the ground plane, you will need to also realign the position of your force plates for best results.
3. Setup CS-400
On the CS-400 calibration square, pull the force plate alignment tabs out and put the force plate leveling jigs at the bottom. The leveling jigs align the calibration square to the surface of your force plate. The alignment tabs allow you to put the CS-400 flush against the sides of your force plate giving the most accurate alignment.
4. Place CS-400 on force plate
Place the calibration wand on the force plate so that vertex of the wand is located at the left-hand corner of the side where the cable input is located (as shown in the image below). A correct placement of the calibration square is important because it determines the orientation of the force plate and its local coordinate axis within the global system. The coordinate systems for force plates are independent of the system used Motive.
5. Set force plate position in Motive.
- After placing the calibration square on the force plate, select the CS-400 markers in Motive. Right click on the force plate you want to locate, and click Set Position. When there are multiple force plates in a volume, you may need to step on the force plate to find which platform the calibration square is on. In Motive, uncalibrated force plates will light up in green and a force vector will appear when you step on the plate. Repeat step 4 and 5 for other force plates as necessary.
- Referencing to the markers on the calibration square, Motive defines the location of the force plate coordinate system within the global coordinate system.
- Motive uses manufacturer defined X, Y, and Z mechanical-to-electrical center offset when calculating the force vector and the center of pressure. For digital based plates, this information is available from the SDK and also stored in the plate's on-board calibration data.
6. Zero force plates.
After you have calibrated each of your force plates, remove the CS-400 from the volume. Right click one of your force plates in Motive and click Zero (all). This will tare the scale and set the current force on the plate data to 0. This will account for a small constant amount of measurement offset from the force plate. Remember that it zeros all of the force plates at once. So make sure there are no objects on any of the force plates.
7. Set sampling rate
Sampling rate of force plates is configured through the synchronization settings, which will be covered in the following section.
Supported force plate sampling rates: Kistler plates support rates sampling rates between 10~2000 Hz. Make sure the synchronization is configured that the force plates sample at the supported speed.
There are two synchronization approaches you could take: Synchronization through clock signal or through recording trigger signal.
Synchronization via clock signal utilizes the internal clock signal of the eSync to synchronize the sampling of the force plates on per-frame basis. However, when there is another device (e.g. NI-DAQ) being synchronized to the clock signal frequency, the sampling rate cannot be set for each individual device. In that case, triggered sync must be used for synchronizing the initial recording trigger. Synchronization via trigger signal utilizes the recording trigger in Motive to align the initial samples from both systems. After the initial sync, both systems run freely at their own sampling rate. If the force plates are running at whole multiples of the camera system, the collected samples will be aligned. However, since the sampling clocks are not perfectly accurate, alignment of the samples may slowly drift over time. Thus, when synchronizing via recording trigger, it is better to keep the record times short.
When synchronizing through the eSync, use the following steps to configure the sync settings in Motive. This will allow both systems to be triggered simultaneously with reference to the master synchronization device, the eSync.
Sync Configuration: eSync
External Clock Sync Setup Steps
- Open the Devices pane and the Properties pane.
- In the Devices pane, select the eSync among the listed devices. This will list out the synchronization settings in the properties pane for the selected eSync.
- In the Properties pane, under Sync Input Settings section, set the Source to Internal Clock.
- Next, to the Clock Frequency section, input the sampling rate that you wish the run the force plates in. This clock signal will be eventually outputted to the force plate system to control the sampling rate. For this guide, let's set this to 1000 Hz.
- Once the clock frequency is set, apply the Input Divider/Multiplier to the clock frequency to set the framerate of the camera system. For example, if you input 10 to the Input Divider section with internal clock frequency running at 1000 Hz, the camera system will be running at 100FPS. The resulting frame rate of the camera system will be displayed in the Camera Rate section.
- Next step is to configure the output signal so that the clock signal can be sent to the force plate system. Under the Outputs section, enable the corresponding output port of the eSync which the force plate system is connected to.
- Set the Output 1-4 → Type to Gated Internal Clock.
- Now that the eSync has been configured, you need to configure the force plate properties in Motive. While the force plate(s) is selected in Motive, access the Properties pane to view the force plate properties. Here, set the following properties:
- Record Trigger → False
- Reference Clock Sync → True
- eSync Output Channel → output port used on the eSync.
- Once this is set, the force plate system will start sampling at the frequency of the clock signal configured on the eSync, and this rate will be displayed on the Devices pane as well.
Triggered Sync Setup Steps
- Open the Devices pane and the Properties pane.
- The final frame rate of the camera system will be displayed at the very top of the Devices pane.
- In the Devices pane, select the eSync among the listed devices. This will list out the synchronization settings in the Properties pane for the selected eSync.
- Set up the output signal so that the recording trigger signal can be sent to the force plate system. In the Outputs section, enable and configure the corresponding output port of the eSync which the force plate system is connected to.
- Set the Output 1-4 → Type to Record Start/Stop Pulse.
- Now that the eSync has been configured, you need to configure the properties of the force plates. While the force plate(s) is selected in Motive, access the Properties pane to view the force plate properties. Here, set the following properties:
- Record Trigger → Device
- Reference Clock Sync → False
- eSync Output Channel → output port used on the eSync.
- Once this is done, the force plate system will synchronize to the recording trigger signal when Motive starts collecting data, and the force plates will free-run after the initial sync trigger. You can configure the sampling rate of the force plates by modifying the Multiplier values in Devices pane to sample at a whole multiple of the camera system frame rate.
For free run sync setups, sampling rates of force plates can be set from the Devices pane, but the sampling rate of force plates must be configured to a whole multiple of the camera system's framerate. By adjusting the Rate Multiplier values in the Devices pane, sampling rates of the force plates can be modified. First, pick a frame rate of the camera system and then adjust the rate multiplier values to set force plates to the desired sampling rate.
When two systems are synchronized by recording trigger signals (Recording Gate or Recording Pulse), both systems are in Free Run Mode. This means that the recording of both the mocap system and the force plate system are triggered simultaneously at the same time and each system runs at its own rate.
Two systems, however, are synchronized at the recording trigger but not by per frame basis. For this reason, alignment of the mocap data and the force plate data may gradually drift from each other for longer captures. But this is not a problem since the sync chain will always be re-synchronized each time recording in Motive is triggered. Furthermore, Takes in general do not last too long for this drift to take effect on the data.
However, this could be an issue when live-streaming the data since recording is never initiated and two systems will be synchronized only when Motive first launches. To zero out the drift, the ReSynch feature can be used. Right-click on force plates from either the Devices pane or the perspective view, and select Resynch from the context menu to realign the sampling timing of both systems.
How to Validate your Synchronization
Before you start recording, you may want to validate that the camera and force plate data are in sync. There are some tests you can do to examine this.
The first method is to record dropping a retroreflective ball/marker onto the platform few times. The bouncing ball produces a sharp transition when it hits the surface of the platform, and it makes the data more obvious for validating the synchronization. Alternately, you can attach a marker on a tip of the foot and step on and off the force plate. Make sure that your toe — closest to the marker — strikes the platform first, otherwise the data will seem off even when it is not. You can then monitor the precise timing of the ball or the foot impacting the force plate and compare them between the mocap data and the force plate data. ↑
The following is an example of validating good synchronization outcomes:
Device Settings Profile
All of the configured device settings, including the calibration, get saved on Device Profile XML files. When you exit out of Motive, updated device profiles will be saved under the program data directory (
C:\ProgramData\OptiTrack\Motive\DeviceProfiles), and this file gets loaded again when you restart Motive. The persistent settings folder can be accessed through Help → Application Folders → Persistent Setting. This XML file ensures that all of the device settings are persisted each time you close and restart Motive.
Force Plate Data in Motive
Force plate data can be monitored from the Graph View pane. You will need to configure a custom graph layouts to show force plate data. As shown in the images, make sure the desired force plate data channels (Fx, Fy, Fz, Mx, My, or Mz) are selected to be plotted. Then, when you select a force plate in Motive, and the data from the corresponding channels will be plotted on the graphs. When both reconstructed markers and force plate channels are selected, the force plot will be sub-sampled in order to be plotted along with trajectory data. For more information about how to configure graph layouts, read through the Graph View pane page.
Live Force Plate Data
- For plotting live force plate data, the graph View Style of the corresponding graph must be configured to Live.
We recommend the following programs for analyzing exported data in biomechanics applications:
- Motive exports tracking data and force plate data into C3D files. Exported C3D files can then be imported into a biomechanics analysis and visualization software for further processing. See the Data Export or Data Export: C3D page for more information about C3D export in Motive. Note that the coordinate system used in Motive (y-up right-handed) may be different from the convention used in the biomechanics analysis software.
Common Biomechanics Convention
Since Motive uses a different coordinate system than the system used in common biomechanics applications, it is necessary to modify the coordinate axis to a compatible convention in the C3D exporter settings. For biomechanics applications using z-up right-handed convention (e.g. Visual3D), the following changes must be made under the custom axis.
- X axis in Motive should be configured to positive X
- Y axis in Motive should be configured to negative Z
- Z axis in Motive should be configured to positive Y.
This will convert the coordinate axis of the exported data so that the x-axis represents the anteroposterior axis (left/right), the y-axis represents the mediolateral axis (front/back), and the z-axis represents the longitudinal axis (up/down).
Force plate data and the tracking data can be exported into CSV files as well. When a Take file is exported into a CSV file. Separate CSV files will be saved for each force plate and it will contain the force, moment, and center of pressure data. Exported CSV file can be imported for analysis.
To stream tracking data along with the force plate data, open the Data Streaming Pane and check the Broadcast Frame Data, and make sure that you are not streaming over the camera network. Read more about streaming from the Data Streaming workflow page.
Motive can stream the tracking data and the force plate data into various applications — including Matlab — using NatNet Streaming protocol. Find more about NatNet streaming from the User's Guide included in the download.